The port is a "barometer" of economic development. When the economy is booming, the throughput will be strong. As a major port province, Jiangsu Taicang Port, Nantong Port, Lianyungang Port, Nanjing Port and other ports achieved a “open door” in the first month of the new year, and the throughput increased significantly year-on-year. Finding the reason is the strong driving force for the high-quality development of Jiangsu Province's economy and promotes the growth of Jiangsu port production.
Since the New Year, Jiangsu port production has been generally stable. According to the staff of the Port and Shipping Center of the Jiangsu Provincial Department of Transportation, in January, the province's above-scale port throughput was 210 million tons, foreign trade throughput was 44.68 million tons, and container throughput was 1.457 million TEU, up 13%, 14.3% and 3.3 respectively. %.
Several ports in Jiangsu have shown development highlights and throughput has achieved double-digit growth. In January, the port cargo throughput of Taicang Port was 21.143 million tons, an increase of 13.7%. The cargo throughput of Jiangyin Port was 18.42 million tons, a year-on-year increase of 37.22%. Nantong Port completed cargo throughput of 22.278 million tons, an increase of 20.4%. As an important inland port in the Soviet Union, Yangzhou Port launched its first month in the first month, completing a total throughput of 2,166,700 tons, an increase of 23.08%.
Jiangsu's water transport is developed, and its port throughput has been among the highest in the country for many years. Behind this is the rapid development of the province's economy, providing a steady supply of goods for the port. Especially since the 12.5-meter deep-water channel below the Yangtze River in Nanjing, the number of large-tonnage vessels entering and leaving Jiangsu along the Yangtze River has increased significantly. The largest ships arriving in Hong Kong reached 250,000 tons, and the far-reaching ships from Nanjing Port and Zhenjiang Port reached a maximum of 70,000 tons and 200,000 tons respectively. The growth of foreign trade and Haijinjiang transportation is outstanding.
The industry believes that before the Spring Festival, the peak period of material reserves for enterprises, the growth of port throughput and the increase in import and export demand for bulk commodities have a certain relationship, among which grain, oil, coal, metal ore, liquid chemical and other goods increased rapidly. In addition to this factor, port growth reflects the vitality of Jiangsu's economy.
Wang Yongan, Chairman of Jiangsu Port Group, said that the group will focus on improving the direct transportation of sea, the transshipment of rivers and seas, and the three major transportation systems for the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River and the inland areas, speeding up the realization of the Jianghai River intermodal transportation, and further enhancing the Nanjing, Suzhou and Zhenjiang The advantage of bulk cargo combined with iron and water enables more enterprises to enjoy the convenience of water transportation in the province and achieve cost reduction and efficiency.
Container increase Product structure optimization
Cargo ships on the river come and go, the containers on the docks are placed in an orderly manner, and the transport vehicles are constantly moving in and out. Since entering the New Year, the Longtan Port Terminal in Nanjing is a busy scene every day.
In January, the container throughput of the port group of Jiangsu Port Group completed the same volume of 601,000 TEU, an increase of 14.45%. The container throughput of Taicang Port was 464,000 TEUs, a year-on-year increase of 28.8%. Nantong Port's container throughput was 89,400 TEU (excluding commodity boxes), a year-on-year increase of 26.2%. According to industry insiders, the nature of the goods transported by the container and the bulk goods are different, which can better reflect the development of the manufacturing industry.
The demand for container shipping market is booming, and it is also necessary to create transportation conditions and integrate cargo resources. Qian Xiao, director of the Development Service Bureau of Taicang Port Management Committee, said that in recent years, the “Land Reform Water” model launched by Taicang Port has been welcomed by enterprises. In response to the strong demand for shipments from enterprises, Taicang Port further optimized this model, increased the density of shipping schedules, and accelerated the efficiency of customs clearance. In January, the export volume of foreign-invested domestic feeders was 80,000 TEUs, an increase of 41.4%.
The staff of Nantong Port introduced that after the first phase of the container terminal of Nantong Port-Harbin Port was completed and put into production last year, the container throughput growth momentum was strong this year. In January, Nantong Port's domestic trade container completed 55,300 TEU, an increase of 43.2% year-on-year; foreign trade container completed 34,100 TEU, an increase of 5.92%.
In the face of huge container market business, relevant persons of Jiangsu Port Group said that in accordance with the development strategy of “regional cluster + specialization”, the Ningzhen Yangjianghai transit integrated hub with Nanjing regional shipping logistics center as the core will be built. In the area of Ningzhengyang, the “container-piercing” was launched to form an effective linkage of the regional container terminal business. By building the Yangtze River estuary hub centered on Suzhou Port, the container’s near-ocean trunk line and bulk materials shipping direct business were highlighted, and the Taicang Port was formed. The basic containerized operation platform, the number of containers has been growing. According to market research, the increase in the number of containers is due to the increasing number of manufacturing products that need to be transported. This reflects to some extent that Jiangsu's regional industrial structure has achieved certain results.
The offshore routes have increased.
In January, Nanjing Port's foreign trade throughput reached 1.965 million tons, up 26.2% year-on-year; Yangzhou Port's foreign trade throughput was 305,000 tons, up 30.05%; Changzhou Port's foreign trade throughput was 737,400 tons, up 22.55% year-on-year; Zhenjiang Port's foreign trade throughput The volume was 1,196,000 tons, an increase of 14.59%. In January, Jiangsu Port Group opened 51 classes of near-ocean routes (including Southeast Asia, Japan and Korea), with a year-on-year growth rate of 47.11%. The total revenue of domestic trade, domestic trade and foreign trade branches was 75.22 million yuan. The growth rate is 91.55%.
As one of Jiangsu's important foreign trade ports, Taicang Port's foreign trade cargo throughput reached 7.154 million tons, an increase of 17.8%. Jiangyin Port completed a foreign trade throughput of 4.058 million tons, an increase of 39.14%.
In 2018, Changda and Changhong International Terminals were put into operation, which further improved the cargo passing capacity of Jiangyin Port. At present, there are 47 berths above 10,000 tons in Jiangyin along the Yangtze River. Since the New Year, the foreign trade throughput of Jiangyin Port has increased by more than 30%, and the volume of foreign trade containers has also achieved positive growth.
In January, Lianyungang Port exported 5,816 mechanical vehicles, an increase of 4,996 units, an increase of 600%, especially for automobile exports of 5,039 units, an increase of 4,783 units year-on-year, achieving a record high in single-month mechanical vehicle exports. The staff of the port said that the export volume of port vehicles and construction machinery has risen in an all-round way. Thanks to the rich and stable routes and the increased berthing of ro-ro ships, 11 ro-ro voyages were completed in January, which exceeded the same period of the previous year and drove the new line. , Southeast Asia line, European line of mechanical vehicle supply; Xugong, Yutong and other backbone sources maintain a good momentum, SAIC and other emerging sources of significant increase, the Great Wall, Carter, Jinlong and other small batches of multi-batch supply is also closely following the ship collection. In particular, last year's cooperative car giant SAIC Group maintained a strong momentum of development, exporting 3,399 vehicles to Australia and other places in January.
Jiang Zhaoyi, a researcher at the Jiangsu Academy of Social Sciences, said that the Jiangsu Port Group data showed that the Southeast Asian route in the near-ocean line completed 136.3 million tons in January, an increase of 63.45% over the same period of last year, far exceeding the Japanese route (0.19%) and the Korean route (7.73%). The growth rate shows that Jiangsu has strengthened its trade policy with the countries along the “Belt and Road” and achieved initial results. In addition, since last year, the central and local governments have issued a series of policies to support export enterprises in a timely manner, especially for export-oriented private enterprises and small and micro enterprises. In the above data, the figures for the completion of container and foreign trade goods growth are very bright. Eyes, indicating that these policy dividends are beginning to show.